优德w88官网报考硕士克罗地亚语40篇大作文练习与

  12 Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which you should:

  8 Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which you should:

  11

  1. describe the picture;

  1. describe the picture;

  Study the following picture carefully and write an essay in which you should:

  2. interpret the meaning of the picture;

  2. interpret the meaning of the picture;

  1. describe the picture;

  3. make your comment.

  3. make your comment.

  2. interpret the meaning of the picture;

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  3. make your comment.

  该图描述的是一位在等红灯时向道路上倾倒垃圾的人。该文可以分为三段来写:第一段在描述图画后对此种行为定性。第二段写这种做法的危害。第三段说解决问题的办法。In the picture, while waiting for the green light, a driver dumped all the cigarette ends from a can onto the road. This picture reflects the selfishness of a group of city residents. They have formed the habit of keeping personal spaces such as rooms and cars clean, but when they come to public places, they tend to throw garbage or even spit here and there.

  这幅图画主题鲜明,不难确定文章的主题是“乱穿马路”。在思考之后,我们决定分为四段来写。第一段描述图画。第二段说明该现象带来的后果。第三段说明解决该问题的办法。最后一段是结论。The present picture highlights several people who are crossing the street while the red light is on. It is quite obvious that the drawer wants all of us to think about the serious problem of jaywalking in our society.

  You should write 160~200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  This practice is extremely harmful to the pursuit of happiness of urban dwellers including those people mentioned above. This phenomenon tends to spread and more and more people will not learn to behave themselves unless the first rule violators get punished severely. The city environment is closely related to life quality—when there is garbage here and there, everyone will fall victim and nobody can escape this vicious cycle.

  The jaywalking phenomenon will bring many unfavorable consequences. First and foremost, it will increase the incidence of traffic accidents and thus cause the loss of lives and property. Moreover, common people are likely to copy the action of just a few people who defy the traffic rules. Finally, if this matter is not properly settled, it will pose a threat to the city traffic as a whole.

  由图可知,本文属于社会热点类文章。图画非常简洁,可以用一句话描述出来。这种情况比较特殊,可以将图画的描写与图画的总体解读放在第一段来写。第二段写此种现象的危害性,第三段写解决问题的办法,第四段作总结。In the picture, we see a “key” that is made up of piles of money. Besides the picture, we see the title of the picture—the key that is not a key. What does the drawer want to convey to us in such a single yet thoughtprovoking picture? After pondering, we finally find out that he is pointing at a deteriorating social phenomenon—some people form the habit of using money, instead of anything else, as the key to solving personal problems and gaining even illegal profits.

  To solve this serious social problem, the government has to establish laws to punish all those people who pollute the environment. The media should not only teach people how to behave themselves and explain why such behaviors are important to the wellbeing of all members of the society. What is the most important is the interaction between individuals—they should first try to observe the rules and then help others form the good habit. This is certainly not easy, but this is the first step to the dream of a more beautiful city and a happier life. 第一段在描述图画后,写该图反映了一些城市居民的自私。他们将自己的个人空间拾掇得干干净净,而到了公共场所却乱扔垃圾甚至随地吐痰。

  It is high time that we called on the efforts from all sides to deal with this problem properly. For one thing, the government should improve the design of traffic lights so as to make the operation more reasonable. For another, every citizen should behave himself first and help advise others not to jaywalk. Finally, the mass media should also play a positive role in helping people realize the importance of abiding by traffic rules.

  This practice is extremely harmful to the functioning and order of the whole society. On the one hand, it deprives the social system of its most distinctive feature—fairness. If we let it go on like this, after some time, people will lose the motive to develop their skills and enhance their ability, which are essential and indispensable to the making of any healthy, competitive and harmonious community. On the other hand, it may make the education of the younger generation exceedingly difficult—years of education may be forgotten once they step into the society and touch the harsh reality.

  第二段先说这种做法对城市居民的幸福追求非常有害。这种现象有可能扩散——除非第一批人被严惩,后来者方会自律。城市环境与生活质量紧密相关——当到处都是垃圾的时候,每个人都是受害者,也没有人会逃出这个恶性循环。

  No matter whether this problem is a natural result of social development, it is important that we find a satisfactory solution to it in this social transformation era.第一段有两句话,第一句是对图画的描述,第二句说明了“乱穿马路”的主题,对下文的展开起到了承上启下的作用。

  To put this unfavorable phenomenon to an end, the government should take the lead—the education of common people will take effect only when the real system restores its purity and officials observe selfdiscipline. Second, the media should facilitate the cultivation of healthy competition and highlight the importance of selfdevelopment. Last but not the least, everybody should behave and discipline at least himself instead of just complaining about the harsh reality—if nobody goes into the backdoor, the vicious circle will finally disappear.

  第三段说要解决这个问题,首先政府应制定法律来严惩所有污染环境的人。其次媒体不仅应告诉人们怎么做,也应解释为什么这样做对所有成员的幸福都很重要。而后说最重要的是个人之间的相互影响——人们应该先自己遵守规则,然后去帮助他人养成良好的习惯。最后说这肯定并不容易,但这是通往更美丽的城市和更幸福的生活的第一步。 这道题目中的图画是我亲眼所见,给我触动很深。迎特奥、迎世博,上海越来越美丽,绝大多数人越来越文明,很令人欣慰,可是有些人还是不自觉。在看到身边的事情后,建议大家想想为什么会产生这个问题,而后怎样解决。我的做法是随身携带日记本、笔与微型照相机,当然后者尽量少用,把遇到的事情对你造成的第一次冲击和感觉在第一时间记录下来。请相信这是非常珍贵的。随着积累的增加,你会慢慢地发现模糊的问题变得清晰起来,烦躁的心也渐渐平静下来。能拥有历史的亲历者与审视者的双重身份的人,是相当少的,这是一种幸福。

  第二段讲的是该现象导致的不良后果,共有三点。一是会增加交通事故的发生率,从而导致生命与财产的损失。句中incidence指的是“发生率、发病率”。二是大部分人可能会在一小部分人的影响下不遵守交通规则,句中defy表示“不服从、公然反抗”。三是会给城市交通整体上带来威胁。

  Fairness does not come easily. With it, the pursuit of happiness will be made much easier as the social cost has been lowered significantly. We strongly believe that everybody needs it and everybody should observe it. Only when everybody puts it into practice will all of the social members enjoy higher living quality. 第一段头两句分别描述图画和点出标题。第三句和第四句通过设问句与破折号的使用引出了绘画者所想提示的社会现象。这种写法的好处是展示了简明图画表达深刻含义的事实,并定格了由看图到解图的全过程。

  第三段写解决问题的办法,共有四句话。第一句是常用的套句,而后分三个方面说。首先是政府应改良信号灯的设计。其次是每个公民应当从自己做起,然后再劝说他人。最后,媒体应该帮助人们意识到遵守交通规则的重要性。

  第二段写了该做法对社会的巨大危害。第一句是统领句,句中的functioning和order分别指“运行”和“顺序”。然后分两点来说,一方面说它剥夺了社会体系最显著的特征,即公平。如果任其继续,过一段时间人们将会失去自我发展和提高的动力,而这些对于健康、竞争与和谐的社会的建造是不可或缺的。句中使用了平行的动宾词组和形容词,请大家注意体会。另一方面说这种现象使得对年轻一代的教育越发困难——一旦他们步入社会、接触到残酷的现实,多年的教育可能就被遗忘。

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  最后一段是结语,说不论这个问题是否是社会发展的自然结果,我们都应当在这个社会转型阶段给这个问题找到令人满意的解决方法。我们在看到图画和提纲后,应立即决定这篇文章该分几个段落来写。主题确定后,我们发现这是个令人担忧的社会问题,所以可以采用将二、三段写成原因和解决办法的常见写法。

  第三段写的是解决办法。第一句使用了不定式直接加第一点的写法,显得非常简洁。句中take effect表示“起作用”,selfdiscipline表示“自律”。第二点说的是媒体的作用,句中facilitate和highlight分别指“促进”和“强调”。第三点说的是个人的做法。句中vicious circle表示“恶性循环”。

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  第四段是总结性段落。段落紧扣在第二段提出,在第三段得到深化的“公平”概念。首句说公平来之不易。第二句说有了它,对幸福的追求将会容易得多,因为社会成本大大降低了。之后说我们坚信每个人都需要它,每个人也应该遵守它。最后一句说只有每个人身体力行,所有社会成员的生活质量才能提高。该文用简洁的图画表达深刻的道理,这种类型讲一个问题或一种现象,一定要一针见血,认准问题或现象,然后深入剖析。

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  写文章时对全文的构造要有个总体的安排,除了提纲中有明确规定的情形外,写成“原因——后果——解决办法”结构是常见的选择。

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

  在安排好全文结构后,一定要在段间呼应和段落的逻辑发展上下足工夫,这样就容易取得较好的效果。比如最后一段,第一句直接呼应了第二段的第一点,实际上这也是第三段一直讨论的内容。第二句紧接第一句说了公平的重要性。第三句趁热打铁说每个人都需要它,也一定要遵守它——这一句很妙,前半句呼应了上一句,后半句引出了下一句。最后一句是倒装句,很有力度,前半句紧接上句,后半句说美好的结果,又扣了该段第二句的开头。就是这种环环相扣、细针密缕的写法,将文章编织成了有机的整体,获得了预想的效果。

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  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

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